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Launch Vehicles

Page history last edited by Ken Davidian 16 years ago

(all links updated on 11 July 2008)



  • Angara - The Angara next-generation launch vehicle will begin testing on schedule in 2011, according to a Russian first deputy prime minister. (Adapted from a report by Russian Information Agency Novosti Oct. 12, 2007)

  • Dnepr - ISC Kosmotras Established in 1997 for development and commercial operation of the Dnepr Space Launch System based on SS-18 ICBM technology.
  • Proton/Breeze M -Total Liftoff Mass: 691,272 kg (1,523,565 lbm). SC Separated Mass: 5,535 kg to reference 1,500m/s GTO. Total Lungth: 57.2 m (187.6 ft), with standard commercial 4.35m diameter fairing.
  • Soyuz - The Soyuz currently offered by Starsem is a four-stage launch vehicle. The vehicles each consist of four boosters (first stage), a central core (second stage), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage) . Each vehicle also includes a payload adapter/dispenser and fairing.



  • Ariane 5 - The Ariane 5 ECA is the latest – and most powerful member – of the Ariane 5 family, with a hefty payload lift capacity of 9,600 kg. to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO). 
  • Eurockot - Eurockot Launch Services GmbH provides commercial launch services with the Rockot launch system to operators of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites. Formed in 1995, the company is located in Bremen, Germany and is owned by EADS Astrium which holds 51 percent and by Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center, Moscow, Russia which holds 49 percent.


United States

  • Atlas - List of Atlas launches in the Launch Archives section.
  • Aurora - (bad link was discovered and removed, 11 July 2008)
  • BA-2 - "Beal Aerospace regrets to announce that it is ceasing all business operations effective October 23, 2000."
  • Delta II - Delta II rockets can be configured into two-or three-stage vehicles to accommodate a variety of mission requirements.
  • Delta IV - Delta IV launch vehicles can accommodate single or multiple payloads on the same mission. The rockets can launch payloads to polar orbits, sun-synchronous orbits, geosynchronous and geosynchronous transfer orbits (GTO), and low Earth orbit (LEO).
  • Falcon 1 - Falcon 1 is a two stage, liquid oxygen and rocket grade kerosene (RP-1) powered launch vehicle. It is designed from the ground up for cost efficient and reliable transport of satellites to low Earth orbit.
  • Falcon 9 - Like Falcon 1, Falcon 9 is a two stage, liquid oxygen and rocket grade kerosene (RP-1) powered launch vehicle. It uses the same engines, structural architecture (with a wider diameter), avionics and launch system.
  • Minotaur - Under the U.S. Air Force Orbital/Suborbital Program (OSP) contract, Orbital integrates, tests and provides space launch services for the Minotaur I, IV and V family of rockets. Employing a combination of U.S. government-supplied rocket motors and Orbital's proven commercial launch technologies, the Minotaur family of launchers provides low-cost and reliable access to space for government-sponsored payloads.
  • Pegasus - On April 5, 1990, Orbital began a new era in commercial space flight when our Pegasus rocket was launched for the first time from beneath a NASA B-52 carrier aircraft in a mission that originated from Dryden Flight Research Center in California. In the decade since its maiden flight, Pegasus has become the world's standard for affordable and reliable small launch vehicles. It has conducted 39 missions, launching 80 satellites.
  • Taurus - The Taurus rocket offers an affordable, reliable means of launching small satellites into low-Earth orbit. Developed under the sponsorship of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Taurus was designed for easy transportability and rapid set-up and launch. Since its debut flight in 1994, Taurus has conducted six of seven successful missions launching 12 satellites for commercial, civil, military, and international customers.
  • Titan II - The TITAN II was a two stage, liquid-fueled Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) At 110 feet in length and 10 feet in diameter, it was the largest ICBM in U.S. Air Force inventory.



  • GSLV - Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) is under development for launching 2500 kg INSAT class of satellite into geosynchronous transfer orbit. While the initial flights will have cryogenic upper stage supplied by Russia, ISRO is developing indigeneous cryogenic stage for use in subseqent flights. 



  • H-IIA - H-IIA, Japan’s primary large-scale launch vehicle, is designed to meet diverse launch demands, at lower cost and with a high degree of reliability, by making the best use of the H-II launch-vehicle technology. The simplified design and improved efficiency of the manufacturing and launch processes of H-IIA have achieved one of the highest performance to cost ratio of launch system in the world, reducing the cost of launches by a half or more.



  • Long March - The ChangZheng 2F (CZ-2F, or Long March 2F) is the dedicated launch vehicle for China’s manned space programme (Project 921). The launch vehicle is based on the design of the CZ-2E, with improved system redundancy for higher reliability and safety standards. The CZ-2F also has a strengthened upper stage to carry the large ShenZhou spacecraft fairing and launch escape tower. The CZ-2F launch vehicle has so far carried out six flight missions since November 1999, all from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre (JSLC), with a success rate of 100%.

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